Azuay is governed by federal Ecuador law. Learn more
    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Legal
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, no restrictions
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✔ Legal
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    ✖ Single only
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    ✖ Not banned
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✔ Banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
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Public Opinion

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History

Homosexual activity in Azuay

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Homosexual activity in Azuay is legal.

Current status
Since Nov 27, 1997
Legal
Article 516 of the code which criminalizes homosexual activity (from 4-8 years imprisonment) was repealed in 1997.
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Same-sex marriage in Azuay

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Same-sex marriage in Azuay is legal.

Current status
Since Jul 8, 2019
Legal
Civil marriage between same-sex couples is already a right acquired in Ecuador. On the night of July 8, 2019, sentences 10-18-CN / 19 and 11-18-CN / 19 of the Constitutional Court were published in the Official Gazette.
Oct 20, 2008–Jul 8, 2019
Civil unions (marriage rights)
Although marriage is still defined as a union between a man and a woman, article 68 of the 2008 constitution also state:
The stable and monogamous union between two persons without any other marriage ties who have a common-law home, for the lapse of time and under the conditions and circumstances provided for by law, shall enjoy the same rights and obligations of those families bound by formal marriage ties.
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Censorship of LGBT issues in Azuay

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Censorship of LGBT issues in Azuay is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Ecuador, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
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Right to change legal gender in Azuay

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Right to change legal gender in Azuay is legal, no restrictions.

Current status
Since Feb 4, 2016
Legal, no restrictions
Since 2016, transgender persons are allowed to change their birth name and gender identity (instead of the sex assigned at birth) on legal documents.

Gender-affirming care in Azuay

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Gender-affirming care in Azuay is legal.

Current status
Since 1997
Legal
In 1997, Ecuador adopted the ICD-10 classification, which contains codes for diagnosing transsexualism in adulthood and childhood, which authorize the initiation of medical transition.
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Legal, but restricted for minors
In 1979, Ecuador adopted the ICD-9 classification, which included codes allowing for the diagnosis of transsexualism in adults.
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Until 1979
Banned
Medical transition is not possible
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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Azuay

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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Azuay is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Ecuador does not currently legally recognize non-binary identities.
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LGBT discrimination in Azuay

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LGBT discrimination in Azuay is illegal.

Current status
Since Jun 5, 1998
Illegal
In the 1998 constitution, article 23.3 extended discrimination protection to sexual orientations. In its 2008 constitution included gender identity in its protection in article 11.2

LGBT employment discrimination in Azuay

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LGBT employment discrimination in Azuay is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jun 1, 2018
Sexual orientation and gender identity
In 1998, Ecuador became the first country in the Americas (and only the third worldwide after South Africa and Fiji) to include sexual orientation as a protected category in its Constitution. An unofficial English language translation of Article 11(2) states:

All persons are equal and shall enjoy the same rights, duties and opportunities. No one shall be discriminated against for reasons of ethnic belonging, place of birth, age, sex, gender identity, cultural identity, civil status, language, religion, ideology, political affiliation, legal record, socio-economic condition, migratory status, sexual orientation, health status, HIV carrier, disability, physical difference or any other distinguishing feature, whether personal or collective, temporary or permanent, which might be aimed at or result in the diminishment or annulment of recognition, enjoyment or exercise of rights. All forms of discrimination are punishable by law. The State shall adopt affirmative action measures that promote real equality for the benefit of the rights-bearers who are in a situation of inequality.

In 2015, a labor law reform made it illegal for employers to discriminate against people due to their sexual orientation.

In June 2018, the Justice Ministry approved a new policy concerning the rights of LGBT people. The policy aims to guarantee and strengthen their rights in relation to health, education, work, security, social protection and justice.

LGBT housing discrimination in Azuay

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LGBT housing discrimination in Azuay is no protections.

Current status
No protections
While discriminating against another person based on their sexual orientation or gender identity is illegal in the constitution in Ecuador, there are no explicit protections for housing discrimination.
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Same-sex adoption in Azuay

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Same-sex adoption in Azuay is single only.

Current status
Since Oct 20, 2008
Single only
Under article 68 of the 2008 constitution, adoption is explicitly only grated to different-sex unions. Singles can still apply for adoption.

Intersex infant surgery in Azuay

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Intersex infant surgery in Azuay is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
Not banned in Ecuador.
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Serving openly in military in Azuay

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Serving openly in military in Azuay is legal.

Current status
Legal
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Blood donations by MSMs in Azuay

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Blood donations by MSMs in Azuay is legal.

Current status
Legal
According to Wikipedia.
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Conversion therapy in Azuay

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Conversion therapy in Azuay is banned.

Current status
Since Jan 5, 2014
Banned
government there just started cracking down.
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Equal age of consent in Azuay

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Equal age of consent in Azuay is equal.

Current status
Since Nov 27, 1997
Equal
The age of consent in Ecuador is 14, regardless of gender or sexual orientation. (Penal Code, Art 512)
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