Vientiane Prefecture is governed by federal Laos law. Learn more
    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Unrecognized
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Legal, but requires surgery
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✖ Restricted
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Employment Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    Ambiguous
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    Unknown
    Military
    Ambiguous
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
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Public Opinion

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History

Homosexual activity in Vientiane Prefecture

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Homosexual activity in Vientiane Prefecture is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 9, 1990
Legal
Homosexual activity has never been illegal in Laos. The penal code for the current political system was not drafted until the 1990 (37 years after the country gained independence).
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Same-sex marriage in Vientiane Prefecture

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Same-sex marriage in Vientiane Prefecture is unrecognized.

Current status
Since Nov 29, 1990
Unrecognized
Article 1 of the marriage law defines marriage to be a union between a man and a woman. Laos has not introduced any specific legislation around marriage equality for same-sex couples.
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Censorship of LGBT issues in Vientiane Prefecture

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Censorship of LGBT issues in Vientiane Prefecture is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Laos, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
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Right to change legal gender in Vientiane Prefecture

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Right to change legal gender in Vientiane Prefecture is legal, but requires surgery.

Current status
Since Jun 18, 2009
Legal, but requires surgery
Laos legalized changing gender in 2009 but there is no protection laws.
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Gender-affirming care in Vientiane Prefecture

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Gender-affirming care in Vientiane Prefecture is restricted.

Current status
Since 2009
Restricted
In 2009, Laos legalized sterilization, which de facto meant legalizing sex reassignment surgery, however, medical records regarding transsexualism had to be obtained abroad.
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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Vientiane Prefecture

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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Vientiane Prefecture is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Laos does not legally recognize a non-binary gender.
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LGBT discrimination in Vientiane Prefecture

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LGBT discrimination in Vientiane Prefecture is no protections.

Current status
Since Oct 22, 1953
No protections
The constitution does not explicitly cover sexual orientations and gender identities in protection against discrimination
Sources:
ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@ed_protect/@protrav/@ilo_aids/documents/legaldocument/wcms_117348.pdf
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LGBT employment discrimination in Vientiane Prefecture

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LGBT employment discrimination in Vientiane Prefecture is no protections.

Current status
Since Oct 22, 1953
No protections
No information on this.
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LGBT housing discrimination in Vientiane Prefecture

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LGBT housing discrimination in Vientiane Prefecture is no protections.

Current status
Since Oct 22, 1953
No protections
They have no protections in laos.
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Same-sex adoption in Vientiane Prefecture

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Same-sex adoption in Vientiane Prefecture is ambiguous.

Current status
Since Dec 24, 1990
Ambiguous
The Lao family law states in article 38 that people who have "inappropriate behaviours" or those who have had their parental rights withdrawn may not adopt children. However, LGBT is not explicitly covered in the way this law is written so the result is ambiguous.
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Intersex infant surgery in Vientiane Prefecture

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Intersex infant surgery in Vientiane Prefecture is unknown.

Current status
Unknown

Serving openly in military in Vientiane Prefecture

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Serving openly in military in Vientiane Prefecture is ambiguous.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2012
Ambiguous
No laws restricting or allowing MSM to donate blood.
Sources:
web.archive.org/web/2009022…//www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2008/eap/119045.htm
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Blood donations by MSMs in Vientiane Prefecture

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Blood donations by MSMs in Vientiane Prefecture is legal.

Current status
Legal
No laws resticting MSM to donate blood.
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Conversion therapy in Vientiane Prefecture

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Conversion therapy in Vientiane Prefecture is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
According to the ILGA World, there's no ban on conversion therapy in Laos.
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Equal age of consent in Vientiane Prefecture

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Equal age of consent in Vientiane Prefecture is equal.

Current status
Equal
No laws have ever existed for this.
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