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LGBT Rights in Moskva autonomous city

Moskva is governed by federal Russia law. Learn more
    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Not legal
    Censorship
    ✖ Fine as punishment
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Illegal
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✖ Illegal in some contexts
    Employment Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Housing Discrimination
    Ambiguous
    Adoption
    ✖ Single only
    Military
    ✖ Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal

Public Opinion

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History

Homosexual activity in Moskva

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Homosexual activity in Moskva is legal.

Current status
Since 1993
Legal
Homosexuality became legal in Russia in 1993. Now at the moment homosexuality is legal except 1 region-Chechnya (in practice) but Chechnya is independent.

The new law, recognizing the extremism of the LGBT movement, limits any propaganda and expression of opinions. But homosexuality remains legal according to the government.

Until 1993
Varies by Region
Although legal in most of Russia, in Chechnya there is a de facto criminalization of homosexuality and attacks against homosexuals are constantly ignored by the police.
Added by Etlot  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Moskva

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Same-sex marriage in Moskva is not legal.

Current status
Since Dec 29, 1995
Not legal
The federal laws of Russia do not allow for same sex unions of any kind, and the Russian constitution defines marriage as being between a man and a woman.
Added by brennen  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Moskva

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Censorship of LGBT Issues in Moskva is fine as punishment.

Current status
Since Nov 30, 2023
Fine as punishment
“Russia's parliament approved on Thursday a bill that widens a prohibition of "LGBT propaganda" and restricts the "demonstration" of LGBT behaviour, making any expression of an LGBT lifestyle almost impossible.”

“Under the new law, which still needs the approval of the upper house of parliament and President Vladimir Putin, any action or information that is considered an attempt to promote homosexuality - whether in public, online, or in films, books or advertising - could incur a heavy fine.”

The new law recognizing the LGBT movement as extremism limits any propaganda and expression of opinions.
Added by CHR0LL0PH0BICCC  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jun 11, 2013–Nov 2022
Fine as punishment
In 2013, Russia introduced a law known as "for the Purpose of Protecting Children from Information Advocating for a Denial of Traditional Family Values" (known worldwide as the "gay propaganda law") which prohibits the promotion of homosexual topics. According to the Russian government, this law is aimed to "protect" children from being exposed to homosexuality, since it goes against "traditional family values." Foreigners who break this law can be arrested and detained for up to 15 days (or fined up to 5,000 rubles) and then deported.
Added by danlev  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Moskva

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Right to change legal gender in Moskva is illegal.

Current status
Since Jul 19, 2023
Illegal
The upper house of Russia’s parliament unanimously approved a bill outlawing gender-affirming care and legal gender change. It also annuls marriages in which one person has “changed gender” and bars transgender people from becoming foster or adoptive parents.
Sources:
www.pressenterprise.com/2023/07/19/the-upper-house-of-russian-parliament-approves-a-ban-on-gender-changes/
Added by Samuel_NOT_Samuele  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 31, 2023–Jun 17, 2023
Ambiguous
A bill to make gender change illegal was proposed, and it will probably pass.
Added by Samuel_NOT_Samuele  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 19, 2018–May 30, 2023
Legal, surgery not required
Under the 2018 revision by the Ministry of Health, a medical commision can issue a certificate of gender change without the need for surgery or hormone replacement therapy.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Nov 15, 19972018
Legal, but requires surgery
Transgender people are able to change their gender on identification documents after being issued a document from a health institution confirming the surgical requirements.
Added by brennen  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Apr 5, 1972–Nov 5, 1997
Legal, but requires surgery
after the sex reassignment surgery that took place in September 17, 1970, a transgender man changed his legal gender and name.
Six months after change legal gender, he became a husband.
Added by JuliaB  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Moskva

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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Moskva is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
There's no third gender recognition.
Added by Ro_Guy  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Moskva

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LGBT discrimination in Moskva is illegal in some contexts.

Current status
Since 1993
Illegal in some contexts
Homosexuals can be protected from hate speech and/or discrimination in accordance with Articles 136 and 282 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Added by daveyroo  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Moskva

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LGBT employment discrimination in Moskva is no protections.

Current status
No protections
Article 3 of the Labour Code prohibits employment discrimination but does not explicitly mention sexual
orientation or gender identity. Several prominent people including a TV news anchor have been fired for coming out, although some people have successfully challenged discriminatory dismissal.

LGBT housing discrimination in Moskva

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LGBT housing discrimination in Moskva is ambiguous.

Current status
Since Jul 29, 2013
Ambiguous
Discrimination against all social groups is prohibited, including LGBT people, although this is not directly mentioned, but refers to “all other social groups”
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Moskva

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Same-sex adoption in Moskva is single only.

Current status
Since Jul 24, 2023
Single only
Single homosexuals are allowed to adopt, but banned for transgender people.
Added by Markissik  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jul 2, 2013–Jul 19, 2023
Single only
Adoption is being regulated by the Civil Procedure Code of Russia (Chapter 29); Family Code of Russia (Chapter 19); Federal Law On Acts of Civil Status (Chapter V). None of these documents contain any direct restriction or ban for homosexual people to ado
Added by brennen  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Jul 2, 2013
Illegal
Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law on Wednesday banning the adoption of children by same-sex couples, as part of an increasingly conservative agenda the Kremlin is pursuing since his return to power.
Added by Ro_Guy  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Moskva

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Serving openly in military in Moskva is lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned.

Current status
Since Jul 1, 2003
Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
Open homosexuals still serve in the military.
Added by brennen  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Moskva

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Blood donations by MSMs in Moskva is legal.

Current status
Since Apr 16, 2008
Legal

Legal
In 2008, Russia repealed its ban against gay people donating blood. The law was signed in effect on April 16, 2008 by Tatyana Golikova, the minister of Russia's Health and Social Development department
Added by brennen  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Sep 14, 2001–Apr 16, 2008
Banned (indefinite deferral)
On September 14, 2001, the Russian Ministry of Health announced that men who have sex with men would be considered part of the "HIV high-risk groups," along with prostitutes and drug addicts.
Added by danlev  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Apr 16, 2008–-0001
Legal
In 2008, Russia repealed its ban against gay people donating blood. The law was signed in effect on April 16, 2008 by Tatyana Golikova, the minister of Russia's Health and Social Development department.
Sources:
gayrussia.eu/m/en/campaigns/1273/
Added by Turnopi_karnavara  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Moskva

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Conversion therapy in Moskva is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
Not condemned. As well their is still the attitude that homosexuality is a disease.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Moskva

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Equal age of consent in Moskva is equal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1997
Equal
The age of consent in Russia is 16 for same-sex couples.
Added by brennen  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log