Compare LGBT Rights in Brazil & Kazakhstan

Equality Index ?
79 / 100
28 / 100
Legal Index ?
98 / 100
44 / 100
Public Opinion Index ?
60 / 100
12 / 100
Law
Homosexual activityLegal
Since 1830
Legal
Since 1998
Same-sex marriageLegal
Since 2013
Unrecognized
Censorship of LGBT IssuesNo censorship
Since 1988
State-enforced
Since 2024
Right to change legal genderLegal, no restrictions
Since 2018
Legal, but requires surgery
Since 2011
Legal recognition of non-binary genderIntersex only
Since 2021
Not legally recognized
LGBT discriminationIllegal
Since 2019
No protections
LGBT employment discriminationSexual orientation and gender identity
Since 2019
No protections
LGBT housing discriminationSexual orientation and gender identity
Since 2019
No protections
Same-sex adoptionLegal
Since 2015
Illegal
Serving openly in militaryLegal
Since 2013
Legal
Since 2022
Blood donations by MSMsLegal
Since 2020
Legal
Conversion therapyBanned
Since 2018
Not banned
Since 1991
Equal age of consentEqual
Since 1940
Equal
Since 1997
Public Opinion
Support for same-sex marriage (North and South America)
(AmericasBarometer, 2023)
49% Approve
0%
Region not surveyed
Approval of equal rights for gender minorities (North and South America)
(AmericasBarometer, 2023)
60% Approve
0%
Region not surveyed
Perceptions of local area as a "good place" for gay and lesbian people
(Gallup, June 21, 2023)
71% Good Place
0%
8% Good Place
0%
Support of same-sex marriage
(Pew Research Center, Feb. 21, 2023 – April 15, 2023)
52% Favor
40% Oppose
Region not surveyed
Support for same-sex adoption
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
69% Strongly/somewhat agree
22% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Region not surveyed
Support for same-sex marriage or legal recognition
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
66% Support marriage or legal recognition
14% Against
Region not surveyed
Views about same-sex couples' parenting
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
71% Strongly/somewhat agree
22% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Region not surveyed
Perceived prevalence of transgender discrimination
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
14% Not much/not at all
77% A great deal/fair amount
Region not surveyed
Support for transgender discrimination protection
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
77% Strongly/somewhat agree
14% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Region not surveyed
Support for teens’ access to gender-affirming care
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
58% Strongly/somewhat agree
29% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Region not surveyed
Support for trans access to facilities matching gender identity
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
56% Strongly/somewhat agree
30% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Region not surveyed
Support for non-binary gender option on official documents
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
59% Strongly/somewhat agree
28% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Region not surveyed
Support for insurance coverage of gender transition costs
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
53% Strongly/somewhat agree
35% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Region not surveyed
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2017-2022)
25% Justifiable
33% Not justifiable
3% Justifiable
71% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 2017-2022)
93% Did not mention homosexuals
7% Mentioned homosexuals
27% Did not mention homosexuals
73% Mentioned homosexuals
Views on same-sex marriage or other legal recognition
(Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
68% Support
18% Against
Region not surveyed
Views on same-sex couples' right to adopt
(Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
69% Agree
25% Disagree
Region not surveyed
Opinion on same-sex couples as parents
(World Values Survey, 2017-2020)
52% Agree
29% Disagree
16% Agree
56% Disagree
"Should society accept homosexuality?"
(Pew Research Center, May–October, 2019)
67% Yes
23% No
Region not surveyed
Support for same-sex marriage (North and South America)
(AmericasBarometer, 2016-2017)
52% Approve
48% Disapprove
Region not surveyed
Acceptance of gay people in public office (North and South America)
(AmericasBarometer, 2016-2017)
64% Approve
36% Disapprove
Region not surveyed
Support for same-sex marriage
(ILGA / RIWI, October 2016)
39% Yes
36% No
12% Yes
66% No
Support for gender-affirming surgery
(ERA - LGBTI Equal Rights Association, July-August 2016)
62% Support
26% Oppose
Region not surveyed
Support for same-sex marriage in Central and Eastern Europe
(Pew Research Center, June 2015-July 2016)
Region not surveyed
7% Favor
89% Oppose
"Should society accept homosexuality?" (Eastern/Central Europe)
(Pew Research Center, June 2015-July 2016)
Region not surveyed
7% Yes
85% No
Support for same-sex marriage
(ILGA / RIWI, April-June 2014)
37% Yes
41% No
Region not surveyed
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2010-2014)
23% Justifiable
40% Not justifiable
3% Justifiable
78% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 2010-2014)
89% Did not mention homosexuals
11% Mentioned homosexuals
26% Did not mention homosexuals
74% Mentioned homosexuals
"Should society accept homosexuality?"
(Pew Research Center, June, 2013)
60% Yes
36% No
Region not surveyed
Perceptions of local area as a "good place" for gay and lesbian people
(Gallup, 2013)
68% Good place
24% Not a good place
9% Good place
49% Not a good place
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2005-2009)
17% Justifiable
43% Not justifiable
Region not surveyed
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 2005-2009)
78% Did not mention homosexuals
22% Mentioned homosexuals
Region not surveyed
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 1995-1999)
13% Justifiable
64% Not justifiable
Region not surveyed
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 1995-1999)
74% Did not mention homosexuals
26% Mentioned homosexuals
Region not surveyed
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 1990-1994)
8% Justifiable
75% Not justifiable
Region not surveyed
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 1990-1994)
70% Did not mention homosexuals
30% Mentioned homosexuals
Region not surveyed
Full DetailsFull Details

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