2009 in LGBT Rights

In 2009, there were 76 recorded legal changes made affecting LGBT people. In the previous year, there were 44 changes made and 102 in the following year. A total of 536 legal changes were made in the 2000s.

  • December 21
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Recognized in 31/31 states; Several states (Oaxaca, Mérida and Chihuahua) have now performed same-sex marriages via judicial proceedings/ court order.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Joint adoption legal in the Federal District of Mexico City (2010) and the state of Coahuila. Single gay persons may adopt nationwide.
  • December 10
    Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    The Constitutional Court ruled that ones sexual orientation and gender identity is not good grounds to terminate service in the police or the military
  • December 6
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    There are no laws specifically prohibiting homosexual activities
  • December 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Under the Adoption Act.
  • December
    Right to change legal gender becomes ambiguous.
    A court ruling in Indonesia in December 2009 stipulated that Indonesians who have undergone gender re-assignment surgery must be allowed to change their gender on identity documents.
  • October 13
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Individuals above the age of 12 are able to change their name on all official documents, from birth certificates to passports, to reflect the gender of their choice.
  • October 1
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    There remains no explicit protection of transgender people under the Act, though the Alberta Human Rights Commission reads in transgender rights under "gender".
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Sexual orientation has been explicitly protected since 2009 in the Alberta Human Rights Act. Gender identity is read-in by the Alberta Human Rights Commission under "gender" though it is not explicit in the Act, however a lengthy tribunal process makes this implicit protection inaccessible to many Albertans.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Bill 7
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Sexual orientation is officially a protected group. While not explicit in the law, the Alberta Human Rights Commission reads in transgender rights under "gender", but lengthy tribunal process makes this implicit protection inaccessible to many Albertans.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Under the Bill 7 of Alberta legislature.
  • September 28
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Either single or coupled LGBT people can adopt children.
  • September 19
    LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    No
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
    No
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    No
  • September 10
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    In 2009, Uruguay became the first Latin American country to allow same-sex couples to adopt children.
  • August 31
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Surgery is required in the Vital Statistics Act.
  • July 23
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    The law specifically states discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation is punishable by imprisonment
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    No
  • July 9
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    LGBTQ+ members are protected from violence and some aspects of life.
  • July 8
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • July 2
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Case law overriding Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code
  • July 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes other type of partnership.
    The institution of registered partnership is only available to same sex couples. The unregistered cohabitation (élettársi kapcsolat) of same-sex couples was recognised and placed on equal footing with the unregistered cohabitation of different-sex couples in 1996. However, same-sex marriage is banned by the 2012 Constitution.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes step-child adoption only.
    Joint adoption not legal at this time, only adoption of one partners existing children.
  • June 17
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Don't know
  • May 15
    Same-sex adoption becomes step-child adoption only.
    Only able to adopt child of the other partner
  • May 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Sweden becomes the seventh country to legalize same-sex marriage.
  • April 27
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    In 2009, Iowa became the third state to legalize same-sex marriage. Varnum v. Brien, Supreme Court of Iowa (2009).
  • April 22
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Up to 2 years imprisonment and/or up to 50,000 frank fine
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    three months to 2 years and/or fine of 50,000- 100,000 francs. (US 30 to 60 dollars)
  • April 7
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    In 2009, Vermont became the third US state to legalize same-sex marriage, following Massachusetts in 2004 and Connecticut in 2008. Vermont was the first state to legalize same-sex marriage by legislative means.
  • March 26
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    No
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    No
  • March 19
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    At the time, gay couples were allowed to have civil unions and thus was able to apply as a couple.
  • March 18
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Within the penal code, discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation (and discrimination in general) is treated as an aggravating circumstances.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    No
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    No
  • March 16
    Same-sex marriage becomes other type of partnership.
    Domestic partnership is recognized by the state as a form of same-sex union
  • March 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (5-year deferral).
    No specific date in March. NZBS lists March 2009 on the linked page. NZBS performed a review in 2013 and results are expected to be public shortly.
  • February 27
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Argentina recognizes international convention on human rights. LGBT individuals are explicitly protected in the military code but is not explicitly included in the general discrimination protection code.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
  • February 20
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Discrimination is illegal
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Only sexual orientation
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Only sexual orientation
  • January 29
    Same-sex marriage becomes other type of partnership.
    A Colombia court ruling implies that even though there are no specific legal provisions, same sex couples can now file for the same right and protection like a different-sex marriage using the provision of a "de facto union" in the 1991 constitution
  • January 25
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
  • January 12
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Indefinite deferral
  • January 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    No
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • (date unknown)
    Same-sex adoption becomes ambiguous.
    Cambodia banned adoption by gay and lesbian foreigners. It is unclear if gay and lesbian Cambodians could adopt.
  • January 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
  • January 1
    Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Protection against discrimination in the Swedish Armed Forces is explicitly stated. In 2015, Sweden even ran a campaign encouraging LGBT people to serve openly. The campaign featured a poster of an individual in camouflage with a rainbow flag badge on her arm, with the headline, "some things you should not have to camouflage." The poster read, "Equality is an essential ingredient in a democracy. In the military, we treat them with respect and see the differences of others as a fortress. We are an inclusive organisation where all the people who serve and contribute feel welcome and respected."
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Even though the act does state a finite list of areas in which patrons are protected, these finite list virtually covers all aspects of life.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Although the Constitution prohibits any kind of discrimination (but this is difficult to enforce and unclear how applies), Equal Treatment Act only prohibits discrimination in employment.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    No
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    No
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    No
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    No
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    No
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Housing discimination due to sexual orientation, change of legal gender, crossgender identity and expression are illegal. (I am unsure if it was illegal due to legal gender change and sexual orientation before 2009.)
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Under Estonian law.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    No
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    No
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Government Banned it.

LGBT Organizations Founded in 2009

  • New Hampshire Freedom To Marry Coalition FaviconNew Hampshire Freedom To Marry Coalition
    New Hampshire Freedom to Marry is New Hampshire's statewide lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) education and advocacy organization.
  • NOH8 Campaign FaviconNOH8 Campaign
    Global
    The NOH8 Campaign is a charitable organization whose mission is to promote marriage, gender and human equality through education, advocacy, social media, and visual protest.
  • Equaldex FaviconEqualdex
    Global
    Equaldex is a collaborative knowledge base for the LGBT movement. The site aims to crowdsource every law related to LGBT rights to provide a comprehensive and global view of the…
  • Coalition Advocating for the Inclusion of Sexual Orientation (CAISO) FaviconCoalition Advocating for the Inclusion of Sexual Orientation (CAISO)
    CAISO seeks to operate as an umbrella or coalition framework that provides a politics (strategic thinking, values) and a brand to enable GLBT political advocacy and social change…
  • Equality Hawai'i FaviconEquality Hawai'i
    Equality Hawaii is dedicated to securing equality for Hawaii's lesbian, gay, bisexual & transgender community.
  • LGBT Voice Tanzania FaviconLGBT Voice Tanzania
    The mission of LGBT VOICE is to promote, support, defend and protect the interests and the general well-being of Gay, Lesbians, bisexual and Transgender people in Tanzania