1991 in LGBT Rights

In 1991, there were 28 recorded legal changes made affecting LGBT people. In the previous year, there were 13 changes made and 64 in the following year. A total of 361 legal changes were made in the 1990s.

  • December 25
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Full discrimination protections pending. Some discrimination protection through human rights institute for sexual orientation only. some discrimination protections for gender identity and expression.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Only protections for gender identity and expression since 2014. Full discrimination protection since 2016.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    No
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    There are no discrimination laws for sexual orientation and gender identities. The date shown is that of the foundation of the country.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
  • December 18
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
  • December 12
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Legalization required under Eu court ruling. Gay unions and gay marriage pending.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • August 25
    LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    Belarus and turkey are countries in Europe that doesn't have any discrimination protection
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
    No discrimination protections exist.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    No protections exist.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    Even though article 22 states all citizens are equal, sexual orientations and gender identities are not included in the forms of discriminations covered.
  • July 13
    Same-sex marriage becomes foreign same-sex marriages recognized only.
    Under Bulgaria's constitution. legalization is required. Civil Unions and Gay marriage legalization pending.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Marriage is defined as a union between a male and a female in the Bulgarian constitution
  • July 12
    LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    None exist in the criminal code.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    No
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
    No protection is granted as homosexuality still carries a death sentence.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    Homosexuality is illegal in Mauritania. As such, date provided is the date where the most recent version of the constitution came into effect.
  • June 11
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Gay marriage pending.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Some protection under Article 23 of the Constitution.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Some under Article 23 of their Constitution.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Under Article 23 of their constitution.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Marriage in Burkina Faso is defined as between a man and a woman. Article 23 of the country's constitution of 1991 states: "Marriage is founded on the free consent of the man and of the woman. All discrimination founded on race, colour, religion, ethnicity, caste, social origin, or fortune is forbidden in the matter of marriage."
  • April 3
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    The new penal code adopted in 1991 did not mention if homosexuality was illegal.
  • February 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Not criminalized in Sudan.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    up to 10 years in prison. Not enforced.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Homosexuality is not legal in Sudan.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (up to life in prison as punishment).
    100 lashes and up to 5 years in prison (article 148). Third offenders is punishable by life imprisonment

LGBT Organizations Founded in 1991

  • Fairness Campaign FaviconFairness Campaign
    The Fairness Campaign seeks to dismantle oppression and build an inclusive community where all individuals are valued and empowered to reach their full potential. The…
  • Equality Illinois FaviconEquality Illinois
    The mission of Equality Illinois is to secure, protect and defend equal rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in Illinois.