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LGBT Rights in Okinawa Perfecture

The laws displayed for Okinawa are the same as Japan.
    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    Varies by Region
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Legal, but requires surgery
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    Varies by Region
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    Ambiguous
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (6-month deferral)
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

History

Homosexual activity in Okinawa

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Homosexual activity in Okinawa is legal.

Current status
Since 1881
Legal
Anal sodomy was decriminalized in 1881 when the provision was dropped from Japan's Penal Code. It was eliminated by supervision of Gustave Boissonade, a French legal scholar who served as an advisor to develop the legal system in Japan.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Illegal (other penalty)
Sodomy ("keikan") was criminalized in 1873 with article 266 of the Meiji Legal Code, however, it was hardly ever punished, with only 20 recorded instances of sodomy during 1876 to 1881.
Sources:
Homosexuality in Modern Japan: Cultural Myths and Social Realities by Mark J. McLelland
books.google.com/books?id=d… Male
iglhrc.org/sites/default/fi…
Added by danlev  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Okinawa

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Same-sex marriage in Okinawa is varies by region.

Current status
Since Sep 9, 2018
Varies by Region
Civil unions in some cities. Nationwide civil unions and gay marriage pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 3, 1947–Sep 9, 2018
Unrecognized
Article 24 of the Japanese Constitution states that "marriage shall be based only on the mutual consent of both sexes and it shall be maintained through mutual cooperation with the equal rights of husband and wife as a basis".
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Okinawa

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Censorship of LGBT Issues in Okinawa is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Japan, there are no laws restricting to discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Sources:
In Japan, there are no laws restricting to discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Okinawa

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Right to change legal gender in Okinawa is legal, but requires surgery.

Current status
Since Jan 2004
Legal, but requires surgery
Law 111 gave unmarried transgender citizens over the age of 22 with no children under the age of 20 the option to legally change their gender, only after undergoing sex-reassignment surgery.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Okinawa

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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Okinawa is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Non-binary gender is not legally recognized in Japan.

However, the city of Yokosuka recognizes the relationships of people of all genders, including "x-gender", the common term for non-binary in Japan.
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LGBT discrimination in Okinawa

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LGBT discrimination in Okinawa is illegal.

Current status
Since Sep 9, 2018
Illegal
The Japanese Constitution promises equal rights to all and this is widely interpretted as extending to LGBT citizens.
Added by tsusamu  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 3, 1947–Sep 9, 2018
No protections
Japan does not have LGBT protections from discrimination in employment, housing, etc.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Okinawa

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LGBT employment discrimination in Okinawa is varies by region.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2008
Varies by Region
In a 2008 report by the UN Human Rights Committee, they expressed concern about discrimination against LGBT people in several areas, including employment. Employement Discrimination protections only in Tokyo and Ibaraki.
Added by danlev  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Okinawa

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LGBT housing discrimination in Okinawa is no protections.

Current status
No protections
In a 2008 report by the UN Human Rights Committee, they expressed concern about discrimination against LGBT people in several areas, including housing. According to Article 23(1) of Japan’s Public Housing Law, it only applies to married and unmarried different-sex couples. However, in October of 2012, the Japanese government stated that Article 23(1) was abolished and, therefore, same-sex partners were no longer excluded.

However, the Human Rights Committee report states that in reality, "municipalities decide who can rent public houses under the amended Public Housing Law and few municipal policies allow same-sex couples to qualify. Thus, in practice same-sex couples remain excluded from public housing."
Added by danlev  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Okinawa

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Same-sex adoption in Okinawa is ambiguous.

Current status
Ambiguous
The US State Department states: "there are no laws regulating or addressing same-sex couples adopting in Japan."
It was reported in 2016 that many same-sex couples have been rejected by public authorities and are told “Children will never be fostered” by same-sex couples and “couples of friends are not accepted.”
There is however one documented case from 2016 of same-sex foster parents in Osaka.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Okinawa

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Serving openly in military in Okinawa is legal.

Current status
Since May 3, 1947
Legal
Japan has a Self Defense Force in place of a traditional military. There is no specific policy either banning or encouraging LGBT participation in the Self Defense Forces. Research by Sabine Fruhstuck has shown that many Japanese do not object to open LGBT service in the military provided it does not interfere with their performance.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Okinawa

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Blood donations by MSMs in Okinawa is banned (6-month deferral).

Current status
Since Apr 1, 2011
Banned (6-month deferral)
Red Cross Japan reduces deferral for high HIV risk individual from 12 months to 6 months.
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

2005–Apr 1, 2011
Banned (1-year deferral)
Gay men in Japan are banned from donating blood following one (1) year after male-male sexual contact. Japanese Red Cross opposses this practice.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Okinawa

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Conversion therapy in Okinawa is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
There are no laws banning conversion therapy in Japan.
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Equal age of consent in Okinawa

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Equal age of consent in Okinawa is equal.

Current status
Since May 3, 1947
Equal
The national age of consent is 13 for both same-sex couples and opposite-sex couples. Cities and prefectures may set higher ages of consent.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log