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LGBT Rights in Okayama Perfecture

Okayama is governed by federal Japan law. Learn more
    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Other type of partnership
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Legal, but requires surgery
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    Ambiguous
    Employment Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    Ambiguous
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (6-month deferral)
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal

Public Opinion

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History

Homosexual activity in Okayama

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Homosexual activity in Okayama is legal.

Current status
Since 1881
Legal
Anal sodomy was decriminalized in 1881 when the provision was dropped from Japan's Penal Code. It was eliminated by supervision of Gustave Boissonade, a French legal scholar who served as an advisor to develop the legal system in Japan.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Illegal (other penalty)
Sodomy ("keikan") was criminalized in 1873 with article 266 of the Meiji Legal Code, however, it was hardly ever punished, with only 20 recorded instances of sodomy during 1876 to 1881.
Sources:
Homosexuality in Modern Japan: Cultural Myths and Social Realities by Mark J. McLelland
books.google.com/books?id=d… Male
iglhrc.org/sites/default/fi…
Added by danlev  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Okayama

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Same-sex marriage in Okayama is other type of partnership.

Current status
Since Oct 28, 2015
Other type of partnership
Japan only recognizes heterosexual marriages. Some prefectures offer "partnership oaths" for same-sex couples, but these do not grant significant legal rights.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 3, 1947–Oct 27, 2015
Unrecognized
Article 24 of the Japanese Constitution states that "marriage shall be based only on the mutual consent of both sexes and it shall be maintained through mutual cooperation with the equal rights of husband and wife as a basis".
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Okayama

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Censorship of LGBT Issues in Okayama is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Japan, there are no laws restricting to discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Sources:
In Japan, there are no laws restricting to discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Okayama

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Right to change legal gender in Okayama is legal, but requires surgery.

Current status
Since Apr 1, 2022
Legal, but requires surgery
Amended Act No.111 of 2003 requires for transgender people to change their legal gender, (1) be at least 18 years of age, (2) not currently married, (3) no child less than 18 years, (4) infertile (no gonads or persistent lack of gonadal function), (5) and has a body which appears to have genital parts of those of the opposite sex. And also requires medical certificate by two or more psychiatrist.

On October 16th 2023, a Japanese transgender man won his case in court to allow him to change his legal gender without sterilization. The law was deemed unconstitutional. It remains to be seen what changes will be made to the law and when they will come in effect.
Added by Iwamoto  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Dec 19, 2008–Mar 31, 2022
Legal, but requires surgery
Amended Act No.111 of 2003 requires for transgender people to change their legal gender, (1) be at least 20 years of age, (2) not currently married, (3) no child less than 20 years, (4) infertile (no gonads or persistent lack of gonadal function), (5) and has a body which appears to have genital parts of those of the opposite sex. And also requires medical certificate by two or more psychiatrist.
Added by Iwamoto  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jul 16, 2004–Dec 18, 2008
Legal, but requires surgery
Act No.111 of 2003 requires for transgender people to change their legal gender, (1) be at least 20 years of age, (2) not currently married, (3) no child, (4) infertile (no gonads or persistent lack of gonadal function), (5) and has a body which appears to have genital parts of those of the opposite sex. And also requires medical certificate by two or more psychiatrist.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Okayama

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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Okayama is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Non-binary gender is not legally recognized in Japan.

However, the city of Yokosuka recognizes the relationships of people of all genders, including "x-gender", the common term for non-binary in Japan.
Added by Meelis  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Okayama

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LGBT discrimination in Okayama is ambiguous.

Current status
Since Jun 23, 2023
Ambiguous
Though a new law was passed in June 2023, this law merely "promotes the understanding of SOGI" and only refers to anti-discrimination in principle. It does not specifically ban or illegalize LGBTQ discrimination.
Added by Daniel455907  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Jun 22, 2023
No protections
Japan does not have LGBT protections from discrimination in employment, housing, etc.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Okayama

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LGBT employment discrimination in Okayama is no protections.

Current status
No protections
Laws in force in Japan do not offer protection against discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) in employment. In 2019, Japan amended its labor policy law to prevent workplace harassment, but the law only mandates the prevention of harassment and is not an inclusive law protecting individuals from discrimination based on SOGI.
Added by danlev  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Okayama

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LGBT housing discrimination in Okayama is no protections.

Current status
Since 2018
No protections
In a 2008 report by the UN Human Rights Committee, they expressed concern about discrimination against LGBT people in several areas, including housing. According to Article 23(1) of Japan’s Public Housing Law, it only applies to married and unmarried different-sex couples. However, in October of 2012, the Japanese government stated that Article 23(1) was abolished and, therefore, same-sex partners were no longer excluded.

However, the Human Rights Committee report states that in reality, "municipalities decide who can rent public houses under the amended Public Housing Law and few municipal policies allow same-sex couples to qualify. Thus, in practice same-sex couples remain excluded from public housing."
Added by danlev  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Okayama

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Same-sex adoption in Okayama is ambiguous.

Current status
Ambiguous
The US State Department states: "there are no laws regulating or addressing same-sex couples adopting in Japan."
It was reported in 2016 that many same-sex couples have been rejected by public authorities and are told “Children will never be fostered” by same-sex couples and “couples of friends are not accepted.”
There is however one documented case from 2016 of same-sex foster parents in Osaka.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Okayama

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Serving openly in military in Okayama is legal.

Current status
Since May 3, 1947
Legal
Japan has a Self Defense Force in place of a traditional military. There is no specific policy either banning or encouraging LGBT participation in the Self Defense Forces. Research by Sabine Fruhstuck has shown that many Japanese do not object to open LGBT service in the military provided it does not interfere with their performance.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Okayama

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Blood donations by MSMs in Okayama is banned (6-month deferral).

Current status
Since Apr 1, 2011
Banned (6-month deferral)
Red Cross Japan reduces deferral for high HIV risk individual from 12 months to 6 months.
Added by vviet93  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

2005–Apr 1, 2011
Banned (1-year deferral)
Gay men in Japan are banned from donating blood following one (1) year after male-male sexual contact. Japanese Red Cross opposses this practice.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Okayama

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Conversion therapy in Okayama is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
There are no laws banning conversion therapy in Japan.
Added by beeurd  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Okayama

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Equal age of consent in Okayama is equal.

Current status
Since May 3, 1947
Equal
The national age of consent is equal for both same-sex couples and opposite-sex couples. Cities and prefectures may set higher ages of consent.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log