Compare LGBT Rights in Japan & South Korea

Equality Index ?
66 / 100
44 / 100
Legal Index ?
75 / 100
44 / 100
Public Opinion Index ?
56 / 100
45 / 100
Law
Homosexual activityLegal
Since 1881
Legal
Same-sex marriageCivil unions (limited rights)
Since 2015
Banned
Since 1948
Censorship of LGBT IssuesNo censorshipState-enforced
Right to change legal genderLegal, but requires surgery
Since 2022
Legal, but requires surgery
Legal recognition of non-binary genderNot legally recognizedNot legally recognized
LGBT discriminationIllegal
Since 2018
Illegal in some contexts
Since 1948
LGBT employment discriminationVaries by RegionVaries by Region
LGBT housing discriminationSexual orientation and gender identity
Since 2003
Varies by Region
Same-sex adoptionAmbiguousIllegal
Serving openly in militaryLegal
Since 1947
Illegal
Blood donations by MSMsBanned (6-month deferral)
Since 2011
Legal
Conversion therapyNot bannedNot banned
Equal age of consentEqual
Since 1947
Equal
Public Opinion
Perceptions of local area as a "good place" for gay and lesbian people
(Gallup, June 21, 2023)
34% Good Place
0%
41% Good Place
0%
Support of same-sex marriage
(Pew Research Center, Feb. 21, 2023 – April 15, 2023)
68% Favor
26% Oppose
41% Favor
56% Oppose
Support for same-sex adoption
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
66% Strongly/somewhat agree
19% Strongly/somewhat disagree
45% Strongly/somewhat agree
46% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for same-sex marriage or legal recognition
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
69% Support marriage or legal recognition
9% Against
53% Support marriage or legal recognition
24% Against
Views about same-sex couples' parenting
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
59% Strongly/somewhat agree
22% Strongly/somewhat disagree
38% Strongly/somewhat agree
50% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Perceived prevalence of transgender discrimination
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
27% Not much/not at all
46% A great deal/fair amount
19% Not much/not at all
70% A great deal/fair amount
Support for transgender discrimination protection
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
69% Strongly/somewhat agree
16% Strongly/somewhat disagree
70% Strongly/somewhat agree
23% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for teens’ access to gender-affirming care
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
65% Strongly/somewhat agree
17% Strongly/somewhat disagree
61% Strongly/somewhat agree
28% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for trans access to facilities matching gender identity
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
52% Strongly/somewhat agree
26% Strongly/somewhat disagree
46% Strongly/somewhat agree
41% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for non-binary gender option on official documents
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
58% Strongly/somewhat agree
22% Strongly/somewhat disagree
50% Strongly/somewhat agree
39% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for insurance coverage of gender transition costs
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
41% Strongly/somewhat agree
38% Strongly/somewhat disagree
28% Strongly/somewhat agree
64% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2017-2022)
43% Justifiable
15% Not justifiable
3% Justifiable
61% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 2017-2022)
71% Did not mention homosexuals
26% Mentioned homosexuals
20% Did not mention homosexuals
80% Mentioned homosexuals
Views on same-sex marriage or other legal recognition
(Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
69% Support
6% Against
54% Support
26% Against
Views on same-sex couples' right to adopt
(Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
68% Agree
20% Disagree
46% Agree
45% Disagree
Opinion on same-sex couples as parents
(World Values Survey, 2017-2020)
44% Agree
10% Disagree
23% Agree
40% Disagree
"Should society accept homosexuality?"
(Pew Research Center, May–October, 2019)
68% Yes
22% No
44% Yes
53% No
Support for same-sex marriage
(ILGA / RIWI, October 2016)
33% Yes
27% No
Region not surveyed
Support for gender-affirming surgery
(ERA - LGBTI Equal Rights Association, July-August 2016)
56% Support
18% Oppose
64% Support
24% Oppose
Support for same-sex marriage
(ILGA / RIWI, April-June 2014)
28% Yes
30% No
32% Yes
36% No
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2010-2014)
23% Justifiable
28% Not justifiable
7% Justifiable
58% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 2010-2014)
Region not surveyed
20% Did not mention homosexuals
80% Mentioned homosexuals
"Should society accept homosexuality?"
(Pew Research Center, June, 2013)
54% Yes
36% No
39% Yes
59% No
Perceptions of local area as a "good place" for gay and lesbian people
(Gallup, 2013)
28% Good place
39% Not a good place
18% Good place
57% Not a good place
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2005-2009)
19% Justifiable
34% Not justifiable
5% Justifiable
68% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 2005-2009)
Region not surveyed
13% Did not mention homosexuals
87% Mentioned homosexuals
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2000-2004)
16% Justifiable
39% Not justifiable
7% Justifiable
70% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 2000-2004)
Region not surveyed
18% Did not mention homosexuals
82% Mentioned homosexuals
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 1995-1999)
10% Justifiable
53% Not justifiable
4% Justifiable
80% Not justifiable
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 1990-1994)
4% Justifiable
68% Not justifiable
1% Justifiable
89% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 1990-1994)
31% Did not mention homosexuals
69% Mentioned homosexuals
4% Did not mention homosexuals
96% Mentioned homosexuals
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 1981-1984)
3% Justifiable
61% Not justifiable
3% Justifiable
76% Not justifiable
Full DetailsFull Details

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