Compare LGBT Rights in Albania & Japan

Equality Index ?
45 / 100
64 / 100
Legal Index ?
62 / 100
72 / 100
Public Opinion Index ?
29 / 100
56 / 100
Law
Homosexual activityLegal
Since 1995
Legal
Since 1881
Same-sex marriageUnrecognized
Since 2010
Civil unions (limited rights)
Since 2015
Censorship of LGBT IssuesNo censorshipNo censorship
Right to change legal genderIllegalLegal, but requires surgery
Since 2022
Legal recognition of non-binary genderNot legally recognizedNot legally recognized
LGBT discriminationIllegal
Since 2010
Illegal in some contexts
Since 2018
LGBT employment discriminationSexual orientation and gender identity
Since 2010
Varies by Region
LGBT housing discriminationSexual orientation and gender identitySexual orientation and gender identity
Since 2003
Same-sex adoptionSingle only
Since 2017
Ambiguous
Serving openly in militaryLesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
Since 2013
Legal
Since 1947
Blood donations by MSMsLegal
Since 2008
Banned (6-month deferral)
Since 2011
Conversion therapyNot banned
Since 2020
Not banned
Equal age of consentEqual
Since 2010
Equal
Since 1947
Public Opinion
Perceptions of local area as a "good place" for gay and lesbian people
(Gallup, June 21, 2023)
9% Good Place
0%
34% Good Place
0%
Support of same-sex marriage
(Pew Research Center, Feb. 21, 2023 – April 15, 2023)
Region not surveyed
68% Favor
26% Oppose
Support for same-sex adoption
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
Region not surveyed
66% Strongly/somewhat agree
19% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for same-sex marriage or legal recognition
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
Region not surveyed
69% Support marriage or legal recognition
9% Against
Views about same-sex couples' parenting
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
Region not surveyed
59% Strongly/somewhat agree
22% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Perceived prevalence of transgender discrimination
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
Region not surveyed
27% Not much/not at all
46% A great deal/fair amount
Support for transgender discrimination protection
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
Region not surveyed
69% Strongly/somewhat agree
16% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for teens’ access to gender-affirming care
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
Region not surveyed
65% Strongly/somewhat agree
17% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for trans access to facilities matching gender identity
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
Region not surveyed
52% Strongly/somewhat agree
26% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for non-binary gender option on official documents
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
Region not surveyed
58% Strongly/somewhat agree
22% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for insurance coverage of gender transition costs
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
Region not surveyed
41% Strongly/somewhat agree
38% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Acceptance of having an LGBT+ child (Western Balkans)
(ERA - LGBTI Equal Rights Association, December 2022-January 2023)
28% Support
64% Not Support
Region not surveyed
Belief that being LGBTI is a sickness (Western Balkans)
(ERA - LGBTI Equal Rights Association, December 2022-January 2023)
49% Disagree
43% Agree
Region not surveyed
Agreement that LGBT people deserve equal rights (Western Balkans)
(ERA - LGBTI Equal Rights Association, December 2022-January 2023)
70% Agree
29% Disagree
Region not surveyed
Acceptance of same-sex marriage (Western Balkins)
(ERA - LGBTI Equal Rights Association, December 2022-January 2023)
26% Acceptable
73% Unacceptable
Region not surveyed
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2017-2022)
6% Justifiable
82% Not justifiable
43% Justifiable
15% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 2017-2022)
23% Did not mention homosexuals
76% Mentioned homosexuals
71% Did not mention homosexuals
26% Mentioned homosexuals
Views on same-sex marriage or other legal recognition
(Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
Region not surveyed
69% Support
6% Against
Views on same-sex couples' right to adopt
(Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
Region not surveyed
68% Agree
20% Disagree
Opinion on same-sex couples as parents
(World Values Survey, 2017-2020)
10% Agree
70% Disagree
44% Agree
10% Disagree
"Should society accept homosexuality?"
(Pew Research Center, May–October, 2019)
Region not surveyed
68% Yes
22% No
Support for same-sex marriage
(ILGA / RIWI, October 2016)
Region not surveyed
33% Yes
27% No
Support for gender-affirming surgery
(ERA - LGBTI Equal Rights Association, July-August 2016)
Region not surveyed
56% Support
18% Oppose
Acceptance of having an LGBT+ child (Western Balkans)
(ERA - LGBTI Equal Rights Association, 2015)
6% Support
60% Not Support
Region not surveyed
Belief that being LGBTI is a sickness (Western Balkans)
(ERA - LGBTI Equal Rights Association, 2015)
0% Disagree
48% Agree
Region not surveyed
Acceptance of same-sex marriage (Western Balkins)
(ERA - LGBTI Equal Rights Association, 2015)
10% Acceptable
90% Unacceptable
Region not surveyed
Support for same-sex marriage
(ILGA / RIWI, April-June 2014)
Region not surveyed
28% Yes
30% No
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2010-2014)
Region not surveyed
23% Justifiable
28% Not justifiable
"Should society accept homosexuality?"
(Pew Research Center, June, 2013)
Region not surveyed
54% Yes
36% No
Perceptions of local area as a "good place" for gay and lesbian people
(Gallup, 2013)
3% Good place
71% Not a good place
28% Good place
39% Not a good place
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2005-2009)
Region not surveyed
19% Justifiable
34% Not justifiable
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2000-2004)
1% Justifiable
89% Not justifiable
16% Justifiable
39% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 2000-2004)
17% Did not mention homosexuals
83% Mentioned homosexuals
Region not surveyed
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 1995-1999)
1% Justifiable
79% Not justifiable
10% Justifiable
53% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 1995-1999)
30% Did not mention homosexuals
70% Mentioned homosexuals
Region not surveyed
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 1990-1994)
Region not surveyed
4% Justifiable
68% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 1990-1994)
Region not surveyed
31% Did not mention homosexuals
69% Mentioned homosexuals
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 1981-1984)
Region not surveyed
3% Justifiable
61% Not justifiable
Full DetailsFull Details

Full details about each issue can be found on each region's page. Data missing from the above chart? You can help! Sign up or log in to contribute information to Equaldex!

Share This Comparison