Compare LGBT Rights in Japan & Macau

Equality Index ?
62 / 100
54 / 100
Legal Index ?
70 / 100
68 / 100
Public Opinion Index ?
53 / 100
40 / 100
Homosexual activityLegal
Since 1881
Since 1995
Same-sex marriageVaries by Region
Since 2023
Since 2013
Censorship of LGBT issuesNo censorshipNo censorship
Right to change legal genderLegal, but requires surgery
Since 2022
Legal, no restrictions
Gender-affirming careLegal
Since 1995
Legal recognition of non-binary genderNot legally recognizedUnknown
LGBT discriminationIllegal in some contexts
Since 2018
Illegal in some contexts
Since 2008
LGBT employment discriminationVaries by RegionSexual orientation and gender identity
Since 2008
LGBT housing discriminationSexual orientation and gender identity
Since 2003
No protections
Since 2008
Same-sex adoptionAmbiguousSingle only
Since 2017
Intersex infant surgeryNot bannedUnknown
Serving openly in militaryLegal
Since 1947
Blood donations by MSMsBanned (6-month deferral)
Since 2011
Banned (1-year deferral)
Conversion therapyNot bannedNot banned
Equal age of consentEqual
Since 1947
Since 1996
Full DetailsFull Details

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