Compare LGBT Rights in China, Hong Kong, & Singapore

Equality Index ?
48 / 100
66 / 100
52 / 100
Legal Index ?
51 / 100
78 / 100
53 / 100
Public Opinion Index ?
45 / 100
54 / 100
51 / 100
Homosexual activityLegal
Since 1997
Legal
Since 1991
Legal
Since 2022
Same-sex marriageCivil unions (limited rights)
Since 2017
Civil unions (marriage rights)
Since 2023
Banned
Since 2022
Censorship of LGBT issuesState-enforcedNo censorshipState-enforced
Since 2022
Right to change legal genderLegal, but requires surgery
Since 1986
Legal, no restrictions
Since 2023
Legal, but requires surgery
Since 1996
Gender-affirming careLegal
Since 2002
UnknownLegal
Since 2012
Legal recognition of non-binary genderNot legally recognizedUnknownNot legally recognized
LGBT discriminationNo protectionsIllegal in some contextsIllegal in some contexts
Since 2019
LGBT employment discriminationNo protectionsNo protectionsSexual orientation only
LGBT housing discriminationNo protectionsNo protectionsAmbiguous
Same-sex adoptionSingle only
Since 2018
UnknownSingle only
Intersex infant surgeryAmbiguousUnknownUnknown
Serving openly in militaryAmbiguous
Since 1949
N/ALegal
Blood donations by MSMsBanned (indefinite deferral)
Since 2012
Banned (6-month deferral)
Since 2021
Banned (indefinite deferral)
Conversion therapyNot bannedUnknownBanned
Equal age of consentEqual
Since 1949
Equal
Since 2006
Equal
Full DetailsFull DetailsFull Details

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