Compare LGBT Rights in Belgium & Japan

Equality Index ?
77 / 100
64 / 100
Legal Index ?
91 / 100
72 / 100
Public Opinion Index ?
63 / 100
56 / 100
Law
Homosexual activityLegal
Since 1944
Legal
Since 1881
Same-sex marriageLegal
Since 2003
Civil unions (limited rights)
Since 2015
Censorship of LGBT IssuesNo censorshipNo censorship
Right to change legal genderLegal, no restrictions
Since 2018
Legal, but requires surgery
Since 2022
Legal recognition of non-binary genderNot legally recognizedNot legally recognized
LGBT discriminationIllegal
Since 2003
Illegal in some contexts
Since 2018
LGBT employment discriminationSexual orientation and gender identity
Since 2003
Varies by Region
LGBT housing discriminationSexual orientation and gender identity
Since 2003
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Since 2003
Same-sex adoptionLegal
Since 2006
Ambiguous
Serving openly in militaryLegalLegal
Since 1947
Blood donations by MSMsBanned (less than 6-month deferral)
Since 2023
Banned (6-month deferral)
Since 2011
Conversion therapyBanned
Since 2023
Not banned
Equal age of consentEqual
Since 1985
Equal
Since 1947
Public Opinion
Perceptions of local area as a "good place" for gay and lesbian people
(Gallup, June 21, 2023)
78% Good Place
0%
34% Good Place
0%
Support of same-sex marriage
(Pew Research Center, Feb. 21, 2023 – April 15, 2023)
Region not surveyed
68% Favor
26% Oppose
Support for same-sex adoption
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
70% Strongly/somewhat agree
21% Strongly/somewhat disagree
66% Strongly/somewhat agree
19% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for same-sex marriage or legal recognition
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
81% Support marriage or legal recognition
8% Against
69% Support marriage or legal recognition
9% Against
Views about same-sex couples' parenting
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
72% Strongly/somewhat agree
19% Strongly/somewhat disagree
59% Strongly/somewhat agree
22% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Perceived prevalence of transgender discrimination
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
19% Not much/not at all
60% A great deal/fair amount
27% Not much/not at all
46% A great deal/fair amount
Support for transgender discrimination protection
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
74% Strongly/somewhat agree
14% Strongly/somewhat disagree
69% Strongly/somewhat agree
16% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for teens’ access to gender-affirming care
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
62% Strongly/somewhat agree
21% Strongly/somewhat disagree
65% Strongly/somewhat agree
17% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for trans access to facilities matching gender identity
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
58% Strongly/somewhat agree
21% Strongly/somewhat disagree
52% Strongly/somewhat agree
26% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for non-binary gender option on official documents
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
52% Strongly/somewhat agree
30% Strongly/somewhat disagree
58% Strongly/somewhat agree
22% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Support for insurance coverage of gender transition costs
(Ipsos, February-March 2023)
49% Strongly/somewhat agree
34% Strongly/somewhat disagree
41% Strongly/somewhat agree
38% Strongly/somewhat disagree
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2017-2022)
Region not surveyed
43% Justifiable
15% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 2017-2022)
Region not surveyed
71% Did not mention homosexuals
26% Mentioned homosexuals
Views on same-sex marriage or other legal recognition
(Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
84% Support
7% Against
69% Support
6% Against
Views on same-sex couples' right to adopt
(Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
72% Agree
21% Disagree
68% Agree
20% Disagree
Opinion on same-sex couples as parents
(World Values Survey, 2017-2020)
Region not surveyed
44% Agree
10% Disagree
"Should society accept homosexuality?"
(Pew Research Center, May–October, 2019)
Region not surveyed
68% Yes
22% No
Perceived prevalence of discrimination against sexual orientation (European Union)
(Eurobarometer, May 2019)
42% Rare
57% Widespread
Region not surveyed
Perceived prevalence of discrimination against transgender people (European Union)
(Eurobarometer, May 2019)
46% Rare
49% Widespread
Region not surveyed
Acceptance of same-sex relationships (European Union)
(Eurobarometer, May 2019)
82% Agree
17% Disagree
Region not surveyed
Support for transgender people changing legal gender (European Union)
(Eurobarometer, May 2019)
70% Yes
29% No
Region not surveyed
Support for same-sex marriage
(ILGA / RIWI, October 2016)
Region not surveyed
33% Yes
27% No
Support for gender-affirming surgery
(ERA - LGBTI Equal Rights Association, July-August 2016)
78% Support
11% Oppose
56% Support
18% Oppose
Support for same-sex marriage
(ILGA / RIWI, April-June 2014)
Region not surveyed
28% Yes
30% No
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2010-2014)
Region not surveyed
23% Justifiable
28% Not justifiable
"Should society accept homosexuality?"
(Pew Research Center, June, 2013)
Region not surveyed
54% Yes
36% No
Perceptions of local area as a "good place" for gay and lesbian people
(Gallup, 2013)
74% Good place
12% Not a good place
28% Good place
39% Not a good place
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2005-2009)
Region not surveyed
19% Justifiable
34% Not justifiable
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 2000-2004)
Region not surveyed
16% Justifiable
39% Not justifiable
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 1995-1999)
Region not surveyed
10% Justifiable
53% Not justifiable
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 1990-1994)
Region not surveyed
4% Justifiable
68% Not justifiable
Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors
(World Values Survey, 1990-1994)
Region not surveyed
31% Did not mention homosexuals
69% Mentioned homosexuals
Justifiability of homosexuality
(World Values Survey, 1981-1984)
Region not surveyed
3% Justifiable
61% Not justifiable
Full DetailsFull Details

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