Compare LGBT Rights in Costa Rica, Panama, & Panamá

Equality Index ?
72 / 100
43 / 100
Not enough data
Legal Index ?
92 / 100
52 / 100
Not enough data
Public Opinion Index ?
51 / 100
35 / 100
Not enough data
Public Opinion
Support for same-sex marriage (North and South America)
(AmericasBarometer, 2016-2017)
35% Approve
65% Disapprove
22% Approve
78% Disapprove
Region not surveyed
Acceptance of Gay People in Public Office (North and South America)
(AmericasBarometer, 2016-2017)
57% Approve
44% Disapprove
38% Approve
62% Disapprove
Region not surveyed
Perceived Acceptance of Gay People
(Gallup, 2013)
61% Good place
33% Not a good place
45% Good place
45% Not a good place
Region not surveyed
Law
Homosexual activityLegal
Since 2002
Legal
Since 2007
Unknown
Same-sex marriageLegal
Since 2020
Not legal
Since 1972
Unknown
Censorship of LGBT IssuesNo censorshipNo censorshipUnknown
Right to change legal genderLegal, surgery not required
Since 2018
Legal, but requires surgery
Since 2006
Unknown
Legal recognition of non-binary genderAmbiguous
Since 2022
Not legally recognizedUnknown
LGBT discriminationIllegal in some contexts
Since 2015
No protections
Since 1972
Unknown
LGBT employment discriminationSexual orientation and gender identity
Since 1998
Sexual orientation only
Since 2017
Unknown
LGBT housing discriminationSexual orientation and gender identity
Since 1998
No protections
Since 1972
Unknown
Same-sex adoptionLegal
Since 2020
Illegal
Since 2021
Unknown
Serving openly in militaryN/AN/AUnknown
Blood donations by MSMsLegalLegalUnknown
Conversion therapyNot bannedNot bannedUnknown
Equal age of consentEqualEqual
Since 2008
Unknown
Full DetailsFull DetailsFull Details

Full details about each issue can be found on each region's page. Data missing from the above chart? You can help! Sign up or log in to contribute information to Equaldex!

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