2002 in LGBT Rights

In 2002, there were 28 recorded legal changes made affecting LGBT people. In the previous year, there were 40 changes made and 90 in the following year. A total of 531 legal changes were made in the 2000s.

  • November 7
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    IVF treatment is available for lesbian couples too.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    As in the UK, IVF treatment is available for lesbian couples too.
  • September 10
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Legal under the case of Du Toit v Minister of Welfare and Population Development, later made official through the Consolidated Children's Act of 2010
  • September 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • August 31
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • July 11
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Equalised age of consent at 16.
  • June 24
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    The age of consent between people with maximum 5 years of difference is 14. Sexual contact between coetaneous is never punishable.
  • June 6
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • May
    Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Taiwan allows gay and lesbian soldiers provided they maintain military discipline standards.
  • April 17
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • March 12
    Same-sex adoption becomes single only.
    The adoption requirement does not allow for unmarried couples or single parents of any form to apply for adoption of children.
  • March 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
    Same-sex couples or even homosexuals are not allowed to adopt in Kenya. Chapter 141, Section 158 of Kenya's The Children Act states: "An adoption order shall not be made if the applicant or, in the case of joint applicants, both or any of them [...] is a homosexual."
  • February 13
    Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Serving as openly homosexual was never illegal in the military penal code. This provision was strengthened with the anti-discrimination provision proposed in 2010
  • January 15
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Law 14170 of January 15, 2002. Determines the imposition of penalties for companies who practice discriminatory act against a person because of their sexual orientation.
  • January 6
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Age of consent is equal and is set at 14.
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    Men can receive 3 to 14 years of imprisonment under Criminal Code 1974. The legislation lists homosexuality under "Unnatural Offenses" and "Indecent Practices Between Males."
  • January 1
    Homosexual activity becomes varies by region.
    Sex between consenting adults (18 years of age by the Law on Child Protection, No. 23/2002) of the same sex or gender is not criminalized in the Indonesian Penal Code. There are five exceptions where homosexuality is criminalized in local ordinances: 1. Provincial Ordinance on the Eradication of Immoral Behavior (No. 13/2002) in South Sumatra. This classi$es homosexual acts and anal sex performed by men (without speci$cation whether insertive or receptive) as immoral behaviour, along with acts such as prostitution, adultery, gambling and the consumption of alcoholic drinks. 2. City Ordinance on the Eradication of Prostitution (No. 2/2004) in Palembang, capital of South Sumatra Province. It is similar to the Provincial Ordinance, but uses the term “prostitution” instead of “immoral behavior.” 3. District Ordinance on Social Order (No. 10/2007) in Banjar, South Kalimantan Province. It mentions “abnormal” homosexual and heterosexual acts (in addition to “normal” ones) in its definition of “prostitute.” No explanation is given for “normal” or “abnormal” acts. It also prohibits the formation of organizations “leading to immoral acts” that are “unacceptable to the culture of [local] society.” These are later explained by giving examples of lesbian and gay organizations “and the like.” 4. City Ordinance on the Development of a Value System in Social Life Based on the Teachings of Islam and Local Social Norms (No. 12/2009) in Tasikmalaya, West Java. It prohibits adultery and prostitution, both heterosexual and homosexual. 5. City Ordinance on the Prevention, Eradication and Prosecution of Social Ills (No. 9/2010) in Padang Panjang, West Sumatra. The section with de$nition of terms explicitly mentions “homosexual and lesbian” relationships and later prohibits such relationships and prohibits persons from “o#ering themselves for homosexual and lesbian relationships either with or without payment.” Alongside these local ordinances, Aceh province (a province with significant legislative autonomy from the rest of Indonesia) from October, 2015, criminalises homosexual sex between muslim men with a punishment of up to 100 lashes.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Up to 14 years in prison Under unnatural/ indecent acts.
  • (date unknown)
    Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Fijian law states that marriage is specificaly between a man and a woman.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Any individual may petition for single parent or joint adoption. Second-parent adoption is permitted via case law referenced below.
  • January 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Under the amendment to the Newfoundland and Labrador Adoption Act.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    No
  • (date unknown)
    LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    As male homosexuality is illegal, no protection is available to any members of the LGBTQ+ community.
  • January
    Right to change legal gender becomes illegal.
    No legislation at present, but government has said it will legislate and there has been a landmark court prompting the government to seek legislation surrounding the issue. This legislation has yet to be carried out.
  • (date unknown)
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Arkansas will amend after receipt of a court order verifying that they have undergone sex-reassignment surgery and that their names have been changed.
  • January 1
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • (date unknown)
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • January 1
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    No

LGBT Organizations Founded in 2002

  • MassEquality FaviconMassEquality
    MassEquality is the leading Massachusetts grassroots advocacy organization working to ensure that everyone across Massachusetts can thrive from cradle to grave without…
  • Boys of Bangladesh FaviconBoys of Bangladesh
    Boys of Bangladesh (BoB), is the largest network of self-identified Bangladeshi gay men. It is a non-registered, non-funded and non-formal group run by a pull of dedicated…
  • Zagreb Pride Organization FaviconZagreb Pride Organization
    Zagreb Pride Organization is the organization that runs Zagreb Pride, the LGBT pride march in Zagreb, the capital of Croatia.
  • Equality Alabama FaviconEquality Alabama
    Equality Alabama's mission is to advance equality for LGBTQ Alabamians where they live, work, learn and play through education and advocacy.
  • National Gay & Lesbian Chamber of Commerce FaviconNational Gay & Lesbian Chamber of Commerce
    The National Gay and Lesbian Chamber of Commerce is the business voice of the LGBT community and is the largest global not-for-profit advocacy organization specifically dedicated…